Know The Causes of Ectopic Pregnancy Before You Conceive
The most frequent kind of ectopic pregnancy, known as a tubal pregnancy, occurs when a fertilized egg becomes impaled on its route to the uterus, frequently because the fallopian tube is inflamed or malformed. Unbalanced hormone levels or irregular follicle growth might possibly be at play.
1. A prior pregnancy that was ectopic. You are more likely to get another pregnancy of this kind if you have already had one.
2. History of pelvic surgeries, abdominal surgery, or numerous abortions; maternal age is 35 years or older.
3. Endometriosis history.
4. A pregnancy happened in spite of tubal ligation and an intrauterine device (IUD).
5. Assisted conception via fertility treatments or medications.
7. Previous exposure to sexually transmitted infections (STDs), such as gonorrhea or chlamydia may inflame the fallopian tubes and other surrounding organs, which raises the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy.
8. Having fallopian tube structural issues that make it difficult for an egg to transit.
9. A history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an inflammation that may lead to the formation of scar tissue in your cervix, uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
10. Surgery on your pelvic organs or on the fallopian tubes (particularly tubal ligation, often known as having ones tubes tied). The chance of an ectopic pregnancy might rise after surgery to repair a closed or torn fallopian tube.
11. A background of infertility.
12. In vitro fertilization as a means of treating infertility (IVF).
13. The presence of an intrauterine device (IUD), a birth control method, at the moment of conception.
14. A history of tobacco use.
15. As you age, your risk may also go up. Compared to younger women, women over 35 are more risk.
RISK FACTORS THAT MIGHT LEAD TO AN ECTOPIC PREGNANCY:
Age: Any woman, of almost any age, who's really ovulating and has sexual activity with a husband, is at risk for developing an ectopic pregnancy. Ages 35 to 44 are when ectopic pregnancies are most likely to occur.
History: Having had an ectopic pregnancy before is the biggest risk factor.
Abnormalities of the fallopian tubes: Any change to the Fallopian tubes' typical anatomy might increase the likelihood of a tubal pregnancy or an ectopic pregnancy in another organ.
Previous gynecological treatments: Previous Fallopian tube surgery, such as tubal sterilization or reconstructive procedures, may cause scarring and disturbance of the tubes' natural anatomy, which raises the chance of an ectopic pregnancy.
Infections: Pelvic inflammatory illness, an infection of the pelvis, is another potential risk for ectopic pregnancy. Sexually transmitted pathogens, including such Chlamydia or the gonorrhea-causing bacterium N. gonorrhea, often cause pelvic infections.
Non-sexually transmitted bacteria, on the other hand, may also result in pelvic infection and raise the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy. The infection damages or obstructs the Fallopian tubes, which results in an ectopic pregnancy.
Cilia: The innermost layers of both the Fallopian tubes often include cilia, which are tiny hair-like projections. The smooth passage of the egg from the ovary down the Fallopian tube into the uterus depends on these cilia. Egg transport is impeded by if all these cilia are harmed by infection.
Ectopic pregnancy results from the fertilized egg settling in the Fallopian tube rather than the uterus. The egg may possibly not enter the uterus due to infection-related scarring and partial obstruction of the Fallopian tubes.
Several partners: In addition to raising the risk associated with pelvic infections for women, having multiple partners also raises the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy.
Gynecological disorders: Similar to pelvic infections, gynecological disorders such endometriosis, fibroid tumors, or pelvic scars (pelvic adhesions) may constrict the Fallopian tubes and obstruct the flow of eggs, raising the risk of an ectopic pregnancy.
Intrauterine device: In women who utilize intrauterine devices (IUDs), around half of pregnancies will occur outside of the uterus. The overall number of women getting pregnant when using IUDs is quite small as a result, there are extremely few ectopic pregnancies connected to IUDs generally.
If you actually get pregnant while using an IUD, it is more probable to be ectopic. If you get pregnant after having your tubes tied, or tubal ligation, a permanent contraceptive treatment, your risk is also increased.
Smoking cigarettes: Smoking cigarettes just before conception has also been linked to a higher risk of ectopic pregnancy. This risk was found to be dose-dependent, which indicates that it is influenced by the behaviors of each individual woman and rises with cigarette use. The chance of an ectopic pregnancy might rise if you smoke just before becoming pregnant. The risk increases with the amount of smoking.
Infertility: An elevated risk for ectopic pregnancy is linked to a history of fertility issues for two or more years. According to some studies, women who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) or other comparable procedures may be more prone to develop an ectopic pregnancy. Your risk may increase if you have infertility.
The likelihood of an ectopic pregnancy may also be increased by infections, congenital anomalies, or cancers of the Fallopian tubes. The majority of women who have ectopic pregnancies don't have any identified risk factors. Sexually active women need to be aware of their bodies' changes, particularly if they show signs of an ectopic pregnancy.