How to Use a Breast Pump?

Proper use of a breast pump not only provides flexibility and convenience, it can also enhance a mother's breastfeeding experience. This guide will walk you through the key steps and tips for using a breast pump, from how to use the device to properly storing and handling breast milk.

What Are the Benefits of a Breast Pump?

Breast pumps can offer a variety of benefits to breastfeeding mothers:

  1. Flexibility: Allows mothers to maintain their milk supply and continue breastfeeding even when they are away from their baby, at work, or need a break.

  2. Convenience: Enables the collection and storage of breast milk for use at a later time, which can be particularly useful for nighttime feedings or when someone else is caring for the baby.

  3. Relief from Engorgement: Helps relieve breast engorgement—a painful condition where breasts are overly full—and prevents potential complications such as mastitis.

  4. Feeding Assistance: Useful for babies who have difficulty latching onto the breast, allowing them to still benefit from breast milk.

  5. Increasing Milk Supply: Regular use of a breast pump can help increase and maintain a mother's milk supply, especially in cases of low milk production.

These benefits contribute to the health of the mother while meeting the nutritional needs of the baby.


What Types of Breast Pumps Are There?

There are several types of breast pumps, each suited to different needs and lifestyles. Here are the three main types:

  1. Manual breast pump: Manual breast pumps do not require electricity, so they are quiet, portable, and suitable for occasional use.

  2. Electric breast pump: Electric breast pumps are faster and more efficient than manual breast pumps, making them ideal for frequent use. Electric breast pumps can be single or double, with double pumps extracting milk from both breasts at the same time.

  3. Wearable breast pump: The wearable breast pump is a compact, hands-free device that fits inside a nursing bra, allowing mothers to express discreetly while doing other activities. It is battery-powered and designed to operate quietly, increasing convenience and privacy.

Each type of breast pump has specific benefits and users can choose according to their lifestyle and breast pumping needs.

How to Use a Breast Pump?

Using a breast pump involves a few common steps to ensure effective and comfortable milk expression:

  1. Preparation: Wash your hands thoroughly first to avoid any contamination. Make sure all pump parts are clean and sterilized before assembly to maintain the highest standards of hygiene.

  2. Set up: Assemble the breast pump according to the manufacturer's instructions. Make sure all parts are securely attached and correctly positioned to ensure efficient operation.

  3. Find comfort: Find a quiet, comfortable seat. This can significantly affect how easily milk is released, making pumping more effective.

  4. Position the breast shield: Center the breast shield over your nipple, making sure it creates a good seal around the areola. This prevents leaks and improves suction, which allows for effective pumping.

  5. Start pumping: Start with the lowest suction setting to minimize discomfort. Gradually increase the suction to find the most comfortable and effective level. Many electric breast pumps offer settings that mimic a baby's natural sucking rhythm to enhance milk flow.

  6. Express effectively: Continue to express until you notice a drop in milk flow, which usually takes about 15-20 minutes. If you use a double pump, you can express milk from both breasts at the same time, saving time and potentially increasing milk production.

  7. Handling your milk: After expressing, carefully remove the collection container. Seal and label according to recommended guidelines and store the milk to maintain its quality and safety.

  8. Cleaning: All parts that come into contact with your milk need to be cleaned after each use. It is recommended to follow the cleaning instructions provided by the manufacturer to ensure that the pump remains sanitary and functional.

By following these steps, you can use your breast pump effectively and ensure that you are safely collecting and storing breast milk for your baby. If you want to buy a reliable and easy-to-clean breast pump, consider MomMed, which offers options such as double electric breast pumps and portable breast pumps. There are also innovative cleaning tools available, such as electric silicone bottle brush, to make maintenance easy. Check out the full selection on MomMed to find the best product for your needs.

Wearable Breast Pump

How to Clean a Breast Pump?

Cleaning your breast pump helps maintain hygiene and ensures the safety of your breast milk. Here are some general guidelines for cleaning your breast pump:

  1. Disassemble the Pump: Carefully separate all parts that come into contact with breast milk, such as the breast shield, tubing, and collection bottle, to ensure thorough cleaning.

  2. Rinse Immediately: Quickly rinse all disassembled parts under cool running water to prevent milk residue from drying, which can be harder to clean later and may harbor bacteria.

  3. Soap and Water Cleaning: Soak and scrub each part in warm, soapy water. Use a clean brush specifically designed for cleaning breast pump parts to ensure all residue is removed from nooks and crannies.

  4. Rinse and Air Dry: After scrubbing, rinse all components thoroughly under running water to remove any soap residue. Air dry on a clean towel or drying rack, making sure they are placed in an area free from dust and contamination.

  5. Sanitize Weekly: To further ensure the removal of germs, sanitize all parts weekly. This can be done by boiling them in water, or utilizing a dishwasher with a hot sanitizing cycle, depending on the manufacturer’s recommendations.

  6. Reassemble Once Dry: Check that all parts are completely dry before reassembling your pump. This avoids moisture, which can promote the growth of mold and bacteria.

Following these steps will help prevent milk residue buildup and bacterial growth, keeping your breast pump clean and safe for regular use.


From the above article, we know that to use a breast pump effectively, you need to choose the right type of breast pump - manual, electric or wearable、portable. And you need to sterilize and assemble the breast pump according to the instructions. Position the breast shield correctly to ensure comfort. Start with low suction and adjust as needed. After that, store the breast milk properly and wash all breast pump parts after each use to maintain hygiene.

Related Reading: How To Get A Breast Pump Through Insurance?


1. How long should you use a breast pump at a time?

Typically, you should use a breast pump for about 15-20 minutes per session. This duration is generally sufficient to effectively empty the breasts, which can help maintain the milk supply. However, the exact time can vary depending on individual circumstances and the type of pump used. Adjust the duration based on your personal comfort and milk flow.

2. Do I need to sterilise my breast pump every time?

You do not need to sterilize your breast pump after every use. If you use it frequently, sterilizing it once a day is sufficient. Washing the parts of the breast pump that come into contact with milk with warm soapy water each time you use it is enough to ensure cleanliness and safety.

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